Hard Water is defined as water that contains dissolved minerals (usually but not limited to calcium
and magnesium bicarbonate) expressed in grains per gallon.
The lower the mineral content of the water, the “softer” the water (and the more corrosive); while
higher mineral content means “harder” water.
How Do Water Softeners Work?
All water softeners use the same operating principle: They trade the minerals for sodium or potassium chloride, [salt chemicals]. The process is called ion exchange.
The heart of a water softener is a mineral tank. It’s filled with small polystyrene beads, also known as resin or zeolite. The beads carry a negative charge.
In normal operation, hard water moves into the mineral tank and the calcium and magnesium ions move to the beads, replacing salt ions. The salt ions go into the water.
Hard water poses no health hazard. On the other hand, the salt that remains in softened water may be a problem for those on salt- restricted diets. (Ask your doctor)
Disadvantages of a
Brine discharge can pollute our water.
Uses salt chemicals.
Reverse osmosis system often used can breed bacteria.
Does not remove chemicals and other contaminants.
Warranty may not cover both parts and labor.
Can waste thousands of gallons of water annually.
The One Water Systems Alternative
Instead of exchanging the calcium and magnesium bicarbonate for sodium or potassium (ion exchange) like a water softener, the Electronics concentrates on the bicarbonate crystals of the minerals. In their bicarbonate form, these minerals form on one another causing buildup in plumbing and premature failure of water using appliances.
Calcium and magnesium bicarbonate crystals are insoluble but can be changed by temperature (energy) into the soluble form of carbonate crystals. Calcite is a type of calcium carbonate crystal that is soluble and has a rhombohedral (dogtooth like) shape. These crystals are small, very adherent and still create deposits in plumbing and fixtures.
View calcium bicarbonate (before amp force)
and calcium carbonate crystals (after amp force).
Typically, boiling water will convert bicarbonate crystals to this form of carbonate crystal. An
example would be the hard-to-remove white residue left inside a pan when water is boiled down on
a stove. Aragonite is a type of calcium carbonate that is soluble and has an acicular (needle like)
shape. These crystals are very small, but not adherent. It is this non-adherent form that is created
by the AmpForce Technology. Electronics sends a computer-controlled high frequency between
2300 and 4200 times per second (a positive and negative low voltage pulse between a stainless-
steel anode and cathode). The frequency, voltage and amperage required depend on the hardness
and the flow of the water.
The AmpForce Technology controls the form of the frequency into the water, which ensures the
change from calcium bicarbonate to calcium carbonate and into the non-adherent crystals. This
formed frequency, the voltage and the amperage are precisely computer calculated so that the
stainless-steel anode, cathode and the water are completely stabilized (neutral).